Topic 3 Overview of main EU law (treaties and legislation) related to racism / discrimination and victims’ protection

European Law disposes of Primary legislation and a Secondary one.

PRIMARY LEGISLATION

is represented by the TEU Treaty of European Union

(https://eur-lex.europa.eu/collection/eu-law/treaties/treaties-force.html#)

that at article 13  states that “the Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and after consulting the European Parliament, may take appropriate action to combat discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation”.

and by the TFEU Treaty on the Functioning of European Union

(https://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/government_in_ireland/european_government/eu_law/charter_of_fundamental_rights.html),  

proclaimed in Nice in December 2000, that in Article 21, prohibits “any discrimination based on any ground such as sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion or belief, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, property, birth, disability, age or sexual orientation”, as well as discrimination on ground of nationality, “within the scope of the Treaty and without prejudice to any other specific provisions”.

Overview of main EU law related to discrimination - racism and victims protection

Under the SECONDARY LEGISLATION, the most relevant Directives for the purposes of fighting racism and discrimination are: