Topic 1 Overview of main aspects and terms of the Directive 2012/29/EU

Victims’ Needs

  • Victims’ rights in the EU
  • Every year, an estimated 15% of Europeans or 75 million people in the European Union fall victim to crime. More and more people are travelling, living or studying abroad in another EU country and can become potential victims of crime.
  • Meet the needs of victims
  1. Respect and recognition
  2. Protection
  3. Support
  4. Access to justice
  5. Compensation and restoration

The Victims’ Rights Directive 2019/29/EU

The Victims’ Rights Directive establishes minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime and ensures that persons who have fallen victim to crime are recognized and treated with respect.

Victims Directive - Achievements


  • The European Union has the objective of maintaining and developing an area of freedom, security and justice.
  • The Council has adopted Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA of 15 March 2001 on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings
  • Under the Stockholm Programme, adopted by the European Council on 2009, the Commission and the Member States were asked to examine how to improve legislation and practical support measures for the protection of victims
  • In 2011 the Council stated that action should be taken at Union level in order to strengthen the rights of, support for, and protection of victims of crime. [Resolution 2011 on a roadmap for strengthening the rights and protection of victims, in particular in criminal proceedings (‘the Budapest roadmap’)].
  • Legal basis: Article 82(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides for the establishment of minimum rules applicable in the Member States to facilitate mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions and police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters having a cross-border dimension, in particular with regard to the rights of victims of crime.