Topic 1 Needs Assessment


The PRESERVERE project identified, both in its national research and comparative European research, concluded in September 2022, that all project countries – Italy, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece, Malta and the Netherlands – need additional training on anti-discrimination and EU law implementation on the national level. This applies for both legal professionals and frontline workers.

The Directive 2012/29/EU also highlights the need for training:

  • “Any officials involved in criminal proceedings who are likely to come into personal contact with victims should be able to access and receive appropriate initial and ongoing training, to a level appropriate to their contact with victims, so that they are able to identify victims and their needs and deal with them in a respectful, sensitive, professional and non-discriminatory manner.”
  • “Member States should ensure such training for police services and court staff. Equally, training should be promoted for lawyers, prosecutors and judges and for practitioners who provide victim support or restorative justice services.”
  • “Member States’ actions on training should be complemented by guidelines, recommendations and exchange of best practices in accordance with the Budapest roadmap.”