Topic 1 Advocacy toward better implementation of the EU anti-racism legal framework

How are we addressing structural racism, hate crimes, and lack of reporting in our countries? 

Structural racism

ENAR’s ‘structural racism in the labour market toolkit’​

Lack of reporting

SPAD (Anti Racial Discrimination Desk)​

Hate speech and crime

Mapping national responses to hate speech in Spain​

Racism in Europe

How do structural racism and hate crimes affect
the daily lives of victims?
What are the consequences of underreporting?

Racial Equality Directive

To establish a common European framework that combats racism and discrimination

  • The Directive holds the role of harmonising national anti-discrimination laws across EU member states.
  •  Provisions for affirmative action for individuals from marginalised racial and ethnic collectives promote equality of opportunity.

Scenarios covered by the Directive:


Victims’ Rights Directive

Focus on the victims’ needs in a tailored and non-discriminatory manner

  • This applies to all people who fall victim to crime in Europe regardless of their nationality
  •  The directive is a set of binding rights for victims and clear obligations on EU Member States to ensure these rights in practice.

The Impact of the Victims’ Rights Directive on EU Citizens:

Challenges to the Implementation of the Directives

  • Social perceptions and legal culture – differ in each country and shape the extent to which law is successfully applied in practice 
  • Structural problems – such as underfunding of national bodies or NGOs in the field


Ways forward